John Fiske No 7 and on


Norridgewock and Louisburg by John Fiske No 7




The irrepressible conflict between France and England in America

Acadia finally passes to England

The French view of the limits of Acadia

The Abenaki tribes

Sebastian Rale

The Norridgewock village

The country between the Piscataqua and the Kennebec

The Indian view of selling land

The Indians and the French

Conference between Governor Shute and the Indians

Baxter and Rale

The Indians instigated to attack the English

Border warfare

Conflicts between the Governor and the Assembly

Shute succeeded by Dummer

Expeditions against the Indians

Extermination of the Norridgewock tribe

Captain Lovewell

Lovewell's fight

The death of Frye


The project to capture Louisburg

The New England colonies undertake the attack

The naval force

The French surprised

The Grand Battery abandoned in panic

Capture of a French line-of-battle ship

Louisburg surrendered June 17, 1745

A relic of Louisburg

End’s note

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Note about the cover: An Abenaki

The "irrepressible conflict" between France and England in America

When Mr. Seward, about forty years ago, spoke of the "irrepressible conflict" between slavery and freedom, it was generally felt that he had invented a happy and telling phrase. It was a conflict equally irrepressible that was carried on for seventy years between France and England for the possession of North America.

It was the strife between absolutism and individualism, between paternal government carried to the last extreme, and the spontaneous life of communities that governed themselves in town meeting. Alike in Europe and in America each party was aggressive and uncompromising.

Particularly in America the proximity of the Indians made it next to impossible to avoid bloodshed even when the governments of France and England were nominally at peace with one another. There is no better illustration of this than is afforded by the story of Norridgewock.

Mots clés : John Fiske, first chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is the beginning of Volume IX. Chapter 7, Norridgewock and Louisburg No 7

Do you like battle ? England and France who send troops to America. What did happened ?

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The treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

The spread of the English westward

The Scotch-Irish

The pioneers pass the Alleghanies

This advance of the English a menace to the French

The French influence with the Indians declines

The founding of Oswego

Sir William Johnson

English traders in the Ohio Valley

Céloron takes possession of the Ohio Valley for Louis XV

Céloron among the Miamis

The Miamis under English influence

The French destroy the Miami trading village

The Marquis Duquesne

The French expedition of 1753

The Indians between two fires

A chance meeting

Major George Washington sent to warn the French

The French boast of their plans

Governor Dinwiddie resolves to occupy the Gateway of the West 

Duquesne anticipates the English

The Virginia expedition to Fort Duquesne

Washington surprises a French force

Fort Necessity

The battle of Fort Necessity

The English retreat

Niggardliness of the Provincial Assemblies

The defense of the colonies dependent on the governors

The need of a union of the colonies

The Albany Congress

Franklin's plan of union rejected

England and France send troops to America, 1755

Capture of two French ships 

General Braddock

Indian mode of fighting

English regulars ill prepared for such tactics

Braddock's difficulties

Braddock should have landed at Philadelphia

The march

A detachment sent on in advance

Beaujeu sets out to waylay the English

Braddock's precautions

The battle

The English fall before unseen foes

Bravery of Braddock and Washington

Braddock's death

Dunbar's culpable retreat

End’s note

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Note about the cover: Johnson Hall by Henry. Sir William Johnson presenting Medals to Chiefs of the Six Nations at Johnstown, N.Y.

Different battles, do you know them ? The Seven Years' War ? Are you interested with English, French, Indian, Montcalm ?

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Governor Shirley's plan of campaign

William Johnson to attack Crown Point

Character of Johnson's army

Johnson names Lake George

Dieskau's approach

The Indians prefer to attack the camp

The English scouting party routed

Dieskau repulsed and captured

Shirley's expedition against Niagara a failure

Desolation on the frontier

Opening of the Seven Years' War

England and Prussia join forces


Montcalm's account of the voyage to Canada

Vaudreuil not gratified by Montcalm's arrival

Shirley superseded

The Earl of Loudoun

Loudoun plans to attack Ticonderoga

Fall of Oswego

Montcalm's capture of Oswego impresses the Indians

Loudoun's expedition against Louisburg 

Montcalm's expedition against Fort William Henry

Ferocity of Montcalm's Indian allies

The English force at Fort William Henry and Fort Edward

Montcalm invests Fort William Henry

Surrender of the forces at Fort William Henry

The Indians uncontrollable

The massacre of prisoners

William Pitt

Pitt's hold on popular confidence

Pitt recalls Loudoun

Lord Howe

The expedition against Ticonderoga

Lord Howe's adaptability

The English scouting party lost in the woods

Death of Lord Howe

Montcalm's defenses

Alternatives open to Abercrombie 

Montcalm saved by Abercrombie' s stupidity

An assault ordered 

All assaults repulsed

Abercrombie ridiculed

End’s note

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This ebook is the ninth chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is at near the end of Volume IX.


Strategic points in the contest


The English expedition against Louisburg

General Wolfe effects a landing

The harbour batteries secured or reduced by the English

Gradual destruction of the French fleet

Surrender of Louisburg

Wolfe returns to England

Bradstreet's expedition against Fort Frontenac

Fort Frontenac taken, August 27

The loss of Fort Frontenac weakens Fort Duquesne

General John Forbes

The expedition against Fort Duquesne

The choice of routes

Forbes' s method of advance

The slow progress of the march favourable to success

Major Grant's disastrous reconnoissance

Christian Frederic Post wins over the Indians

The French evacuate Fort Duquesne

Pitt resolved to drive the French from Canada

Preparations for the campaign of 1759

Weak points of eighteenth century strategy

General Amherst's plan of campaign

General Prideaux's expedition against Fort Niagara

Fall of Fort Niagara

General Amherst marches against Ticonderoga

Ticonderoga deserted and blown up

Amherst's ineffective activity


The position of the French forces

The difficulties which confronted Wolfe

His illness

Wolfe plans to scale the heights

Final preparations

The start

The ascent

Complete surprise of the French

The battle

Death of Wolfe

Death of Montcalm

End’s note

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This ebook is the tenth and last chapter of New France and New England by John Fiske, published in 1902. He comes from The historical writings of John Fiske, in twelve volumes, here is at the end of Volume IX.

After From Cartier to Champlain, The Beginnings of Quebec, The Lords of Acadia - Later history of Champlain, Wilderness and Empire, Witchcraft of Salem, The Great Awakening, Norridgewock and Louisburg, Beginnings of the Great War,  Beginnings of the Great War, Crown Point, Fort William Henry, and Ticonderoga,  and here the last one : Louisburg, Fort Duquesne, and the Fall of Quebec, enjoyed it.

Are you interested with English, French, Indian, Montcalm ?

Mr John Fiske was a great historian. See what he would learn to us about these different battles.